How to Draw a Scenery: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a beautiful scenery through drawing can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. Whether you are an aspiring artist or simply looking for a new hobby, learning how to draw a scenery can provide you with a creative outlet and a way to express your imagination. In this article, we will guide you through the process of drawing a scenery, from selecting the right materials to adding intricate details. So, let’s dive in!

Materials Needed

Before we begin, it is important to gather the necessary materials. Here are the essential tools you will need:

  • Pencils: A set of graphite pencils ranging from 2H to 6B will allow you to achieve different shades and textures.
  • Drawing Paper: Choose a high-quality drawing paper that is suitable for your preferred medium.
  • Eraser: A kneaded eraser is ideal for making corrections and lightening areas of your drawing.
  • Blending Stump: This tool helps to blend and smudge graphite for smooth transitions.
  • Reference Image: Find a photograph or picture of a scenery that inspires you.

Step 1: Sketching the Basic Shapes

Start by lightly sketching the basic shapes of your scenery. This step will serve as the foundation for your drawing. Observe the reference image and identify the main elements such as mountains, trees, water bodies, and the sky. Use simple geometric shapes like circles, triangles, and rectangles to represent these elements. Remember to keep your lines light and loose, as they will be refined later on.

Step 2: Adding Depth with Shading

Once you have sketched the basic shapes, it’s time to add depth and dimension to your scenery through shading. Start by determining the direction of the light source in your reference image. This will help you understand where the shadows and highlights should be placed. Use your range of graphite pencils to create different values, from light to dark, by applying varying pressure on the paper. Gradually build up the shading, paying attention to the details and textures of each element.

Step 3: Creating Realistic Textures

To make your scenery drawing more realistic, focus on creating textures that mimic the surfaces of different objects. For example, use short, quick strokes to depict the roughness of tree barks or the smoothness of water. Experiment with different pencil techniques, such as cross-hatching or stippling, to achieve the desired effects. Take your time and observe the reference image closely to capture the intricate details that make the scenery unique.

Step 4: Adding Color (Optional)

If you prefer to add color to your scenery drawing, you can use colored pencils, watercolors, or any other medium of your choice. Start by lightly layering the colors and gradually build up the intensity. Remember to blend the colors smoothly to create a harmonious and realistic effect. Alternatively, you can choose to keep your drawing in black and white, as monochrome scenery drawings can be equally captivating.

Step 5: Final Touches and Details

As you near the completion of your scenery drawing, take a step back and evaluate the overall composition. Make any necessary adjustments to ensure a balanced and visually appealing result. Pay attention to the small details that can bring your scenery to life, such as adding highlights to the water or creating depth in the foliage. Use your eraser to lighten areas or create highlights, and your blending stump to smudge and soften edges.

Step 6: Sign and Protect Your Artwork

Once you are satisfied with your scenery drawing, sign it in a discreet corner using your preferred method. This small signature will add a personal touch and indicate that the artwork is uniquely yours. To protect your drawing from smudging or damage, consider using a fixative spray. Follow the instructions on the spray can and apply it in a well-ventilated area.


Drawing a scenery can be a delightful and fulfilling experience. By following these steps and practicing regularly, you can improve your skills and create stunning artworks. Remember to gather the necessary materials, sketch the basic shapes, add depth with shading, create realistic textures, and add color if desired. Pay attention to the details and make any necessary adjustments before signing and protecting your artwork. So, grab your pencils and let your imagination soar as you embark on your scenic drawing journey!


1. Can I use a different reference image for my scenery drawing?

Yes, you can use any reference image that inspires you. However, ensure that the image is clear and has enough details for you to capture in your drawing.

2. How long does it take to become proficient in drawing sceneries?

Becoming proficient in drawing sceneries, like any skill, takes time and practice. The more you draw, the better you will become. It is a continuous learning process, so be patient and enjoy the journey.

3. Can I use a different medium instead of graphite pencils?

Absolutely! While graphite pencils are commonly used for drawing sceneries, you can experiment with different mediums such as charcoal, pastels, or even digital tools. Each medium offers its own unique characteristics and effects.

4. How can I make my scenery drawing stand out?

To make your scenery drawing stand out, focus on capturing the mood and atmosphere of the scene. Pay attention to the lighting, shadows, and colors to create a sense of depth and realism. Additionally, adding your own creative touches and unique style can make your artwork truly distinctive.

5. Are there any online resources or tutorials that can help me improve my scenery drawing skills?

Yes, there are numerous online resources and tutorials available that can help you enhance your scenery drawing skills. Websites, video platforms, and online art communities offer a wealth of information, step-by-step guides, and demonstrations to assist you in your artistic journey.

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